This study is devoted to evaluate the performance of a ball-type balancer system that is installed in high-speed optical disk drives. The ball-type balancer system, composed of a circular runway and free-moving balls inside, is designed for reducing radial vibrations induced by the inherent unbalance of the rotating system. A balancer system equipped with a pair of balls is considered in this study for its capability to reach possible near-elimination of radial vibrations as opposed to the serious sizing problem of a single balancing-ball system. A mathematical model is first established to describe the dynamics of the balls and rotor system. Utilizing the method of multiple scales and assuming the smallness of radial vibrations, the system dynamics on the slow time scale is represented by eight first-order autonomous differential equations, which accommodate the radial vibratory motions and ball behaviors. The steady-state solutions of these slow equations are then solved and their stability analyzed to predict settling ball positions. The residual vibrations are computed to evaluate the performance of the balancer system and then the design guidelines are distilled for engineers to design the balancer system.
The Dynamics of a Ball-Type Balancer System Equipped with a Pair of Free-Moving Balancing Masses
Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received Oct. 2000; revised Apr. 2001. Associate Editor: Ray P. S. Han.
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Kang, J., Chao, C., Huang, C., and Sung, C. (April 1, 2001). "The Dynamics of a Ball-Type Balancer System Equipped with a Pair of Free-Moving Balancing Masses ." ASME. J. Vib. Acoust. October 2001; 123(4): 456–465. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1385203
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