Numerical results are presented from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center's in-house turbomachinery code Glenn-HT applied to the variable-speed power turbine (VSPT) experiment at the NASA Transonic Turbine Blade Cascade Facility. The main goal of this paper is to implement a digital filtering method to generate turbulence upstream and a subgrid model (localized dynamic k-equation model (LDKM)) in the framework of large-eddy simulation (LES) in order to investigate the effect of inflow turbulence on the transition seen in the VSPT experimental data at the cruise condition (incidence angle of 40 deg and Tu = 0.5%, 5%, 10%, and 15%). Although the boundary layer on the suction side and pressure side of the blades is initially laminar due to favorable pressure gradient, the laminar flow can transition to turbulent flow past a separation zone on the suction side or by natural or bypass transition. This process determines the total pressure losses in the wake. Therefore, it is desirable to develop a reliable prediction tool to accurately capture the transition mechanism in blade rows operated under the conditions of low Reynolds number and at a variety of freestream turbulence conditions. Our numerical studies reveal that the location of separation is rather insensitive to the level of Tu; however, the effect of increasing Tu seems to be in reducing the size and ultimately suppressing the separation bubble. In addition, we performed spectral analysis to identify the peak frequencies in the region where the separation bubble is formed, which provides valuable insights into the transition/separation mechanism.