A numerical investigation on the self-induced unsteadiness in tip leakage flow is presented for a transonic fan rotor. NASA Rotor 67 is chosen as the computational model. It is found that under certain conditions the self-induced unsteadiness can be originated from the interaction of two important driving “forces:” the incoming main flow and the tip leakage flow. Among all the simulated cases, the self-induced unsteadiness exists when the size of the tip clearance is equal to or larger than the design tip clearance. The originating mechanism of the unsteadiness is clarified through time-dependent internal flow patterns in the rotor tip region. It is demonstrated that when strong enough, the tip leakage flow impinges the pressure side of neighboring blade and alters the blade loading significantly. The blade loading in turn changes the strength of the tip leakage flow and results in a flow oscillation with a typical signature frequency. This periodic process is further illustrated by the time-space relation between the driving forces. A correlation based on the momentum ratio of tip leakage flow over the incoming main flow at the tip region is used as an indicator for the onset of the self-induced unsteadiness in tip leakage flow. It is discussed that the interaction between shock wave and tip leakage vortex does not initiate the self-induced unsteadiness, but might be the cause of other types of unsteadiness, such as broad-banded turbulence unsteadiness.
Numerical Investigation on the Self-Induced Unsteadiness in Tip Leakage Flow for a Transonic Fan Rotor
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Du, J., Lin, F., Zhang, H., and Chen, J. (January 20, 2010). "Numerical Investigation on the Self-Induced Unsteadiness in Tip Leakage Flow for a Transonic Fan Rotor." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2010; 132(2): 021017. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3145103
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