A numerical modeling of thermoelastohydrodynamic mechanical face seal behavior is presented. The model is an axisymmetric one and it is confined to high pressure compressible flow. It takes into account the behavior of a real gas and includes thermal and inertia effects, as well as a choked flow condition. In addition, heat transfer between the fluid film and the seal faces is computed, as are the elastic and thermal distortions of the rings. In the first part of this paper, the influence of the coning angle on mechanical face seal characteristics is studied. In the second part, the influence of the solid distortions is analyzed. It is shown that face distortions strongly modify both the gap geometry and the mechanical face seal’s performance. The mechanical distortions lead to a converging gap, while the gas expansion, by cooling the fluid, creates a diverging gap.
Thermoelastohydrodynamic Behavior of Mechanical Gas Face Seals Operating at High Pressure
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Thomas, S., Brunetière, N., and Tournerie, B. (March 30, 2007). "Thermoelastohydrodynamic Behavior of Mechanical Gas Face Seals Operating at High Pressure." ASME. J. Tribol. October 2007; 129(4): 841–850. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2768086
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