Producing hydrogen in a cost-effective manner while minimizing environmental impacts is a big challenge. Hydrogen can be generated with carbon as a by-product from thermal decomposition of natural gas. A system using a solar reactor to produce hydrogen on-site for fueling stations was examined for its technical and economic feasibility. Integrated energy and material balance calculations were made to determine the amount of hydrogen that could be produced from a given reactor size and heliostat field area. Hourly solar data were applied to the model to properly estimate real storage requirements. This paper gives the results of the study including the greenhouse gas emissions and energy balance.
Using a Concentrating Solar Reactor to Produce Hydrogen and Carbon Black via Thermal Decomposition of Natural Gas: Feasibility and Economics
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the ASME Solar Energy Division, June 2002; final revision, January 2003. Associate Editor: A. Steinfeld.
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Spath, P. L., and Amos, W. A. (May 8, 2003). "Using a Concentrating Solar Reactor to Produce Hydrogen and Carbon Black via Thermal Decomposition of Natural Gas: Feasibility and Economics ." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2003; 125(2): 159–164. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1565083
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