ASME B31.3, the leading process piping system design code, has included in its 2018 edition a new procedure for evaluation of high cycle fatigue in process piping systems. As stated in the Appendix W of ASME B31.3-2018, this new procedure is applicable to any load resulting in the stress range in excess of 20.7 MPa (3.0 ksi) and with the total number of cycles exceeding 100,000. However, this new procedure is based on the stress range calculation typical to ASME B31 codes which underestimates the realistic expansion stress range by a factor of ∼2. While the allowable stress range used typically for fatigue evaluation of piping systems is adjusted to take into consideration this fact, the new fatigue design curves seem not to take it into account. Moreover, the applicability of the new design procedure (i.e., welded joint fatigue design curves) to the components which tend to fail away from the bends is questionable. Two examples are presented at the end of the paper in order to substantiate the indicated inconsistencies in the verification philosophy.