An experimental and analytical study was made on a bolted connection subjected to thermal loading. The connection consists of an aluminum alloy tapered hub flange and a flat cover, including a gasket fastened by steel bolts and nuts. Temperature distribution in the connection was measured with thermocouples, and the axial bolt force, the maximum bolt stress, and the hub stress were measured by strain gages under a thermal condition that theinner surface of the flanges was heated and the outer surfaces of the flanges and the cover were held at room temperature. Finite difference analysis was made to obtain the temperature distributions in the connection due to a transient thermal condition. This paper demonstrates the method for obtaining an increment in axial bolt force and the maximum bolt stress. In all cases, the analytical results were fairly consistent with the experimental results.
Behavior of a Tapered Hub Flange With a Bolted Flat Cover in Transient Temperature Field
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Sawa, T., Hirose, T., and Nakagomi, Y. (February 1, 1996). "Behavior of a Tapered Hub Flange With a Bolted Flat Cover in Transient Temperature Field." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 1996; 118(1): 115–120. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2842153
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