The mechanical behavior of amorphous thermoplastics, such as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), strongly depends on temperature and strain rate. Understanding these dependencies is critical for many polymer processing applications and, in particular, for those occurring near the glass transition temperature, such as hot embossing. In this study, the large strain mechanical behavior of PMMA is investigated using uniaxial compression tests at varying temperatures and strain rates. In this study we capture the temperature and rate of deformation dependence of PMMA, and results correlate well to previous experimental work found in the literature for similar temperatures and strain rates. A three-dimensional constitutive model previously used to describe the mechanical behavior of another amorphous polymer, poly(ethylene terephthalate)-glycol (PETG), is applied to model the observed behavior of PMMA. A comparison with the experimental results reveals that the model is able to successfully capture the observed stress-strain behavior of PMMA, including the initial elastic modulus, flow stress, initial strain hardening, and final dramatic strain hardening behavior in uniaxial compression near the glass transition temperature.
Large Strain Mechanical Behavior of Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) Near the Glass Transition Temperature
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Palm, G., Dupaix, R. B., and Castro, J. (January 16, 2006). "Large Strain Mechanical Behavior of Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) Near the Glass Transition Temperature." ASME. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. October 2006; 128(4): 559–563. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2345447
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