The isotropic hardening is known to play an effective role in the overhardening of materials under nonproportional cyclic loading. However, the behavior of the two states of Waspaloy (namely overaged and underaged states) under these loading conditions, shows that the kinematic hardening has also a considerable role in the overhardening. Experimental tests were carried out on these two states under various proportional and nonproportional cyclic loading conditions at room temperature. The effect of loading paths on micro-mechanisms of deformation was studied. From a microstructural point of view, it was shown that the deformation modes (quantitatively and qualitatively) depend on the loading path and the heat treatment. A constitutive model is proposed to describe the effect of overhardening, under the nonproportional loading conditions, on the kinematic hardening. The predicted responses are in good agreement with experimental results.

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