High temperature, short welding time, and low relative motion generate high bond quality in ultrasonic metal welding (USMW). Friction is considered to be the main heat source during USMW. Hence, a comprehensive and accurate understanding of friction heating has become particularly valuable for designing USMW processes and devices. However, stick, slip, and separation states may appear alternately in the welding zone between superimposed workpieces during USMW vibrations; hence, a strong nonlinear process is created. Furthermore, the structural dynamics and the heat transfer are highly coupled because material properties depend on temperature. In this research, we propose a fast and accurate numerical methodology to calculate the friction heating through a multiphysical approach integrating a nonlinear contact model, a nonlinear structural dynamics model, and a thermal model. The harmonic balance method and the finite element method are utilized to accelerate the simulation. Several experiments were performed with aluminum and copper workpieces under different clamping forces and vibration amplitudes to confirm the presented numerical method, resulting in a good match.
Nonlinear Dynamics of Friction Heating in Ultrasonic Welding
Dalian, Liaoning 116024,
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Manuscript received November 30, 2018; final manuscript received April 3, 2019; published online April 19, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Wayne Cai.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Liu, Z., Li, Y., Wang, Y., Kannatey-Asibu, E., Jr., and Epureanu, B. I. (April 19, 2019). "Nonlinear Dynamics of Friction Heating in Ultrasonic Welding." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. June 2019; 141(6): 061011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043455
Download citation file: