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Article Type: Research Papers
Letters Dyn. Sys. Control. January 2021, 1(1): 011006.
Paper No: ALDSC-19-1100
Published Online: March 6, 2020
... a physically based model of actuation. In our model, electrochemistry is described through the Poisson–Nernst–Planck system in terms of concentrations of cations and anions and voltage. Through finite element analysis, we establish that Maxwell stress is the main driving force for the motion of the...