Abstract

This paper proposes an improved model of height profile for drop-on-demand printing of ultraviolet curable ink. Unlike previous model, the proposed model propagates volume and covered area based on height difference between adjacent drops. Height profile is then calculated from the propagated volume and area. Measurements of two-drop and three-drop patterns are used to experimentally compute model parameters. The parameters are used to predict and validate height profiles of four and more drops in a straight line. Using the same root-mean-square (RMS) error as benchmark, this model achieves 5.9% RMS height profile error on four-drop lines. This represents more than 60% reduction from graph-based model and an improvement from our previous effort.

References

References
1.
Wohlers
,
T.
, and
Associates
,
W.
,
2013
,
Wohlers Report 2013: Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing State of the Industry: Annual Worldwide Progress Report
,
Wohlers Associates
,
Fort Collins, CO
.
2.
Ford
,
S.
, and
Despeisse
,
M.
,
2016
, “
Additive Manufacturing and Sustainability: An Exploratory Study of the Advantages and Challenges
,”
J. Cleaner. Prod.
,
137
, pp.
1573
1587
. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.04.150
3.
Küpper
,
D.
,
Heising
,
W.
,
Corman
,
G.
,
Wolfgang
,
M.
,
Knizek
,
C.
, and
Lukic
,
V.
,
2017
,
Get Ready for Industrialized Additive Manufacturing, Digital BCG
,
Boston Consulting Group
.
4.
Simpson
,
T.
,
Williams
,
C.
, and
Hripko
,
M.
,
2016
, “
Preparing Industry for Additive Manufacturing and Its Applications: Summary & Recommendations From a National Science Foundation Workshop
,”
Addit. Manuf.
,
13
, pp.
166
178
.
5.
Cooley
,
P.
,
Wallace
,
D.
, and
Antohe
,
B.
,
2002
, “
Applications of Ink-Jet Printing Technology to BioMEMS and Microfluidic Systems
,”
JALA: J. Associat. Lab. Automat.
,
7
(
5
), pp.
33
39
. 10.1016/S1535-5535-04-00214-X
6.
Sirringhaus
,
H.
, and
Shimoda
,
T.
,
2003
, “
Inkjet Printing of Functional Materials
,”
MRS Bull.
,
28
(
11
), pp.
802
806
. 10.1557/mrs2003.228
7.
Lei
,
Y.
,
Chen
,
X.
,
Li
,
Z.
,
Zhang
,
L.
,
Sun
,
W.
,
Li
,
L.
, and
Tang
,
F.
,
2020
, “
A New Process for Customized Patient-Specific Aortic Stent Graft Using 3D Printing Technique
,”
Med. Eng. Phys.
,
77
, pp.
80
87
. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2019.12.002
8.
Chu
,
C.
,
Graf
,
G.
, and
Rosen
,
D. W.
,
2008
, “
Design for Additive Manufacturing of Cellular Structures
,”
Comput.-Aided Design Appl.
,
5
(
5
), pp.
686
696
. 10.3722/cadaps.2008.686-696
9.
Gantenbein
,
S.
,
Masania
,
K.
,
Woigk
,
W.
,
Sesseg
,
J. P.
,
Tervoort
,
T. A.
, and
Studart
,
A. R.
,
2018
, “
Three-Dimensional Printing of Hierarchical Liquid-Crystal-Polymer Structures
,”
Nature
,
561
(
7722
), pp.
226
230
. 10.1038/s41586-018-0474-7
10.
Doumanidis
,
C.
, and
Skordeli
,
E.
,
2000
, “
Distributed-Parameter Modeling for Geometry Control of Manufacturing Processes With Material Deposition
,”
ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control.
,
122
(
1
), pp.
71
77
. 10.1115/1.482430
11.
Xu
,
Q.
, and
Basaran
,
O. A.
,
2007
, “
Computational Analysis of Drop-on-Demand Drop Formation
,”
Phys. Fluids.
,
19
(
10
), pp.
102
111
.
12.
Choi
,
M.
,
Son
,
G.
, and
Shim
,
W.
,
2017
, “
Numerical Simulation of Droplet Impact and Evaporation on a Porous Surface
,”
Int. Communi. Heat Mass Transfer.
,
80
, pp.
18
29
. 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2016.11.002
13.
Gunjal
,
P.
,
Ranade
,
V.
, and
Chaudhari
,
R.
,
2003
, “
Experimental and Computational Study of Liquid Drop Over Flat and Spherical Surfaces
,”
Catal. Today.
,
79
, pp.
267
273
. 10.1016/S0920-5861(03)00049-X
14.
Guo
,
Y.
,
Peters
,
J.
,
Oomen
,
T.
, and
Mishra
,
S.
,
2018
, “
Control-Oriented Models for Ink-Jet 3D Printing
,”
Mechatronics
,
56
, pp.
211
219
. 10.1016/j.mechatronics.2018.04.002
15.
Wu
,
Y.
, and
Chiu
,
G.
,
2019
, “
Modeling Height Profile for Drop-On-Demand Print of UV Curable Ink
,”
ASME 2019 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
,
Park City, UT
,
Oct. 9–11
, Vol.
2
, p.
8
.
You do not currently have access to this content.