The process involving heat and mass transfer during filmwise condensation (FWC) in the presence of noncondensable gases (NCG) has great significance in a large variety of engineering applications. Traditionally, the condensation heat transfer is expressed in the literature as a function of the degree of subcooling—reckoned as the difference between the ambient dry bulb temperature and the condenser wall temperature. However, in the presence of NCG, there exists a finite gradient of vapor mass fraction near the condenser plate, which directly influences the vapor mass flux to the condenser surface, thus limiting the condensation rate. The effects of both these influencing thermodynamic parameters, i.e., the degree of subcooling and the difference of humidity ratio (between the freestream environment and on the condenser plate), have been characterized in this work both experimentally and through a mechanistic model. The vapor mass flux during condensation on a subcooled vertical superhydrophilic surface under free convection regime is experimentally measured in a controlled environment (temperature and humidity) chamber. The mechanistic model, based on the similarity of energy and species transports, is formulated for the thermogravitational boundary layer over the condenser plate and tuned against the experimental results. Further, the model is used to obtain comprehensive data of the condensate mass flux and condensation heat transfer coefficient (CHTC) as functions of the salient thermal operating conditions over a wide parametric range. Results indicate that humidity ratio difference has a more pronounced influence on the condensation mass transfer rather than the degree of subcooling. Regime maps of condensate flux and CHTC show how these can be explicitly identified in terms of the degree of subcooling and humidity ratio difference, regardless of the prevailing thermal and humidity conditions at the freestream and the condenser plate. The mechanistic model thus lends to the development of empirical correlations of condensate mass flux and CHTC as explicit functions of these two parameters for easy use in practical FWC configurations.