Hydrophobic coatings have been created through self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold, copper, and copper-nickel alloy surfaces that enhance steam condensation through dropwise condensation. The monolayer is formed by chemisorption of alkylthiols on these metal surfaces. Due to their negligible thickness (10–15 Å), SAMs have negligible heat transfer resistance, and involve a minuscule amount of the organic material to pose any contamination problem to the system from erosion of the coating. The coating was applied directly to copper and 90/10 copper-nickel tubes, and to previously gold-sputtered aluminum tubes. The quality of the drops on SAMs, based on visual observation, was found to be similar for the three surfaces, with the gold surface showing a slight superiority. When compared to complete filmwise condensation, the SAM coating increased the condensation heat transfer coefficient by factors of 4 for gold-coated aluminum, and by about 5 for copper and copper-nickel tubes, under vacuum operation (10 kPa). The respective enhancements under atmospheric conditions were about 9 and 14. Comparatively, the heat transfer coefficient obtained with a bare gold surface (with no organic coating) was 2.5 times that of the filmwise condensation heat transfer coefficient under vacuum, and 3.4 at atmospheric conditions. [S0022-1481(00)02502-0]
The Use of an Organic Self-Assembled Monolayer Coating to Promote Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Horizontal Tubes
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division Apr. 3, 1997; revision received Dec. 23, 1999. Associate Technical Editor: M. S. Sohal.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Das, A. K., Kilty , H. P., Marto, P. J., Andeen, G. B., and Kumar, A. (December 23, 1999). "The Use of an Organic Self-Assembled Monolayer Coating to Promote Dropwise Condensation of Steam on Horizontal Tubes ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. May 2000; 122(2): 278–286. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.521465
Download citation file: