The present article experimentally investigates the influence of pilot swirling directions on low-frequency combustion instabilities of pilot diffusion flames in a laboratory-scale combustor with jet A-1 fuel and air at atmospheric pressure. Airblast atomization nozzles with either counter-rotating (CTR) or corotating (COR) pilot swirl flows were examined using nonlinear time-series analyses and high-speed flame imaging measurements under idle and subidle operating conditions. We show that while the amplitude and frequency of limit cycle oscillations are observed to be similar for both cases, detailed examinations of measured experimental data reveal marked differences in stabilization mechanisms and pressure-heat release coupling processes. The spray flame dynamics subjected to counter-rotating swirl flows are governed by large-amplitude pressure oscillations, even under the influence of destructive pressure-heat release rate interference. The mechanism of destructive interference is closely related to the interactions between a spiral diffusion flame and a periodically detached reaction zone. Nonpremixed liquid-fueled flames involving corotating swirl, on the other hand, feature a more compact and intense reaction zone.