This paper presents computational fluid dynamics (CFD) predictions of flow and heat transfer for an over-swirled low-radius preswirl system and comparison with experimental data. The rotor-stator CFD model comprises a stationary domain with the preswirl nozzles and a rotating domain with the receiver holes. The fluid-dynamic conditions feature an over-swirled system with a swirl ratio at the nozzle radius βp = 1.4−1.5 and rotational Reynolds number ReΦ = 0.8 × 106 and 1.2 × 106. Three different treatments for the rotating and stationary domain interface are used to evaluate the influence on the flow and heat transfer behavior: a stationary approach (including Coriolis forces in the rotating domain) with “direct connection” and fixed angle between preswirl nozzle and receiver holes; a stationary approach with circumferential averaging of the velocity at radial bands; and a full transient simulation with the rotating domain capturing the unsteady flow due to the rotating receiver holes. Results at different circumferential angles show high variability in pressure and velocity distributions at the preswirl inlet nozzle radius. Circumferential averaging of these flow parameters lead to an alignment of the pressures and velocities between the three different interface approaches. Comparison with experimental pressure and swirl-ratio data show a quantitative agreement but the CFD results feature a systematic overestimation outward of the preswirl nozzle radius. Heat transfer coefficient distributions at the rotor surface show the effect of the different interface approaches and dependence on the flow structure (for example the impinging jet and vortex structures). The three different interface approaches result in significant differences in the computed heat transfer coefficients between pairs of receiver holes. Circumferentially averaged heat transfer coefficients inward of the receiver holes radius show good agreement between the transient and stationary direct connection interfaces, whereas those for the circumferential averaging interface differ, contrary to the flow parameters, due to smoothing of local effects from the preswirl jets.
Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Preswirl System: Influence of Rotating-Stationary Domain Interface
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Karnahl, J., von Wolfersdorf, J., Tham, K., Wilson, M., and Lock, G. (February 21, 2012). "Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Preswirl System: Influence of Rotating-Stationary Domain Interface." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. May 2012; 134(5): 052502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004730
Download citation file: