Swirling flows are widely used in industrial burners and gas turbine combustors for flame stabilization. Several prior studies have shown that these flames exhibit complex dynamics under near blowoff conditions, associated with local flamelet extinction and alteration in the vortex breakdown flow structure. These extinction events are apparently due to the local strain rate irregularly oscillating above and below the extinction strain rate values near the attachment point. In this work, global temporally resolved and detailed spatial measurements were obtained of hydrogen/methane flames. Supporting calculations of extinction strain rates were also performed using detailed kinetics. It is shown that flames become unsteady (or local extinctions happen) at a nearly constant extinction strain rate for different hydrogen/methane mixtures. Based upon analysis of these results, it is suggested that classic Damköhler number correlations of blowoff are, in fact, correlations for the onset of local extinction events, not blowoff itself. Corresponding Mie scattering imaging of near blowoff flames also was used to characterize the spatio-temporal dynamics of holes along the flame that are associated with local extinction.
Dynamics of Premixed H2/CH4 Flames Under Near Blowoff Conditions
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Zhang, Q., Shanbhogue, S. J., and Lieuwen, T. (August 5, 2010). "Dynamics of Premixed H2/CH4 Flames Under Near Blowoff Conditions." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. November 2010; 132(11): 111502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000601
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