In the design process, new burners are generally tested in combustion test rigs. With these experiments, computational fluid dynamics, and finite element calculations, the burners’ performance in the full-scale engine is sought to be predicted. Especially, information about the thermoacoustic behavior and the emissions is very important. As the thermoacoustics strongly depend on the acoustic boundary conditions of the system, it is obvious that test rig conditions should match or be close to those of the full-scale engine. This is, however, generally not the case. Hence, if the combustion process in the test rig is stable at certain operating conditions, it may show unfavorable dynamics at the same conditions in the engine. In previous works, the authors introduced an active control scheme, which is able to mimic almost arbitrary acoustic boundary conditions. Thus, the test rig properties can be tuned to correspond to those of the full-scale engine. The acoustic boundary conditions were manipulated using woofers. In the present study, proportional valves are investigated regarding their capabilities of being used in the control scheme. It is found that the test rig impedance can be tuned equally well. In contrast to the woofers, however, the valves could be used in industrial applications, as they are more robust and exhibit more control authority. Additionally, the control scheme is further developed and used to tune the test rig at discrete frequencies. This exhibits certain advantages compared with the case of control over a broad frequency band.
Assessment of Different Actuator Concepts for Acoustic Boundary Control of a Premixed Combustor
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Bothien, M. R., Moeck, J. P., and Paschereit, C. O. (December 24, 2008). "Assessment of Different Actuator Concepts for Acoustic Boundary Control of a Premixed Combustor." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. March 2009; 131(2): 021502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2969088
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