Combustors with fuel-spray atomizers are susceptible to a low-frequency oscillation, particularly at idle and sub-idle conditions. For aero-engine combustors, the frequency of this oscillation is typically in the range 50–120 Hz and is commonly called “rumble.” In the current work, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is used to simulate this self-excited oscillation. The combustion model uses Monte Carlo techniques to give simultaneous solutions of the Williams’ spray equation together with the equations of turbulent reactive flow. The unsteady combustion is calculated by the laminar flamelet presumed pdf method. A quasi-steady description of fuel atomizer behavior is used to couple the inlet flow in the combustor. A choking condition is employed at turbine inlet. The effects of the atomizer and the combustor geometry on the unsteady combustion are studied. The results show that, for some atomizers, with a strong dependence of mean droplet size on air velocity, the coupled system undergoes low-frequency oscillations. The numerical results are analyzed to provide insight into the rumble phenomena. Basically, pressure variations in the combustor alter the inlet air and fuel spray characteristics, thereby changing the rate of combustion. This in turn leads to local “hot spots,” which generate pressure fluctuations as they convect through the downstream nozzle.
Self-Excited Oscillations in Combustors With Spray Atomizers
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000; Paper 00-GT-108. Manuscript received by IGTI Oct. 1999; final revision received by ASME Headquarters Oct. 2000. Associate Editor: D. Wisler.
Zhu , M., Dowling , A. P., and Bray, K. N. C. (October 1, 2000). "Self-Excited Oscillations in Combustors With Spray Atomizers ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. October 2001; 123(4): 779–786. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1376717
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