The impact of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods on the development of advanced aerospace vehicles is growing stronger year by year. Design engineers are now becoming familiar with CFD tools and are developing productive methods and techniques for their applications. This paper presents and discusses applications of CFD methods used at Grumman to design and predict the performance of propulsion system elements such as inlets and nozzles. The paper demonstrates techniques for applying various CFD codes and shows several interesting and unique results. A novel application of a supersonic Euler analysis of an inlet approach flow field, to clarify a wind tunnel-to-flight data conflict, is presented. In another example, calculations and measurements of low-speed inlet performance at angle of attack are compared. This is highlighted by employing a simplistic and low-cost computational model. More complex inlet flow phenomena at high angles of attack, calculated using an approach that combines a panel method with a Navier-Stokes (N-S) code, is also reviewed. The inlet fluid mechanics picture is rounded out by describing an N-S calculation and a comparison with test data of an offset diffuser having massively separated flow on one wall. Finally, the propulsion integration picture is completed by a discussion of the results of nozzle-afterbody calculations, using both a complete aircraft simulation in a N-S code, and a more economical calculation using an equivalent body of revolution technique.

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