The Spalart–Allmaras (SA) is one of the most popular turbulence models in the aerospace computational fluid dynamics (CFD) community. In its original (low-Reynolds number) formulation, it requires a very tight grid spacing near the wall to resolve the high flow gradients. However, the use of wall functions with an automatic feature of switching from the wall function to the low-Reynolds number approach is an effective solution to this problem. In this work, we extend Menter's automatic wall treatment (AWT), devised for the k–ω-shear stress transport (SST), to the SA model in our in-house developed three-dimensional unstructured grid density-based CFD solver. It is shown, for both momentum and energy equations, that the formulation gives excellent predictions with low sensitivity to the grid spacing near the wall and allows the first grid point to be placed at y+ as high as 150 without loss of accuracy, even for the curved walls. In practical terms, this means a near-wall grid 10–30 times as coarse as that required in the original model would be sufficient for the computations.
An Automatic Wall Treatment for Spalart–Allmaras Turbulence Model
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received August 19, 2017; final manuscript received December 13, 2017; published online February 23, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Daniel Livescu.
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Assam, A., Narayan Kalkote, N., Sharma, V., and Eswaran, V. (February 23, 2018). "An Automatic Wall Treatment for Spalart–Allmaras Turbulence Model." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2018; 140(6): 061403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039087
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