An analysis is carried out on the wave formed during the slow phase of die casting injection processes. Viscous effects are assumed to be negligible and the problem is treated two-dimensionally using finite amplitude wave theory. Two commonly used types of plunger movements are considered, for which all the possible wave profiles are analyzed in depth as a function of the parameters which characterize the law of acceleration applied to the plunger, the initial shot sleeve filling fraction, and the geometrical characteristics of the problem. Different relationships between the relevant dimensionless parameters of the system are proposed, which make it possible to optimize the injection process, and so reduce the entrapment of air which leads to porosity. The validity of such relationships is analyzed in detail for different ranges of parameters. Some of the results obtained for the optimum acceleration are compared with those of other authors and experimental measurements. Finally, a law of plunger acceleration which would completely eliminate the air from the shot sleeve at the end of the slow phase of injection and minimizes the filling time is derived. [S0098-2202(00)02002-2]
Shot Sleeve Wave Dynamics in the Slow Phase of Die Casting Injection
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division October 13, 1998; revised manuscript received February 16, 2000. Associate Technical Editor: M. S. Cramer.
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Lo´pez, J., Herna´ndez, J., Faura, F., and Trapaga, G. (February 16, 2000). "Shot Sleeve Wave Dynamics in the Slow Phase of Die Casting Injection ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. June 2000; 122(2): 349–356. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.483264
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