The power, water extraction, and refrigeration (PoWER) engine has been investigated for several years as a distributed energy (DE) system among other applications for civilian or military use. Previous literature describing its modeling and experimental demonstration have indicated several benefits, especially when the underlying semiclosed cycle gas turbine is combined with a vapor absorption refrigeration system, the PoWER system described herein. The benefits include increased efficiency, high part-power efficiency, small lapse rate, compactness, low emissions, lower air and exhaust flows (which decrease filtration and duct size), and condensation of fresh water. The present paper describes the preliminary design and its modeling of a modified version of this system as applied to DE, especially useful in regions, which are prone to major grid interruptions due to hurricanes, undercapacity, or terrorism. In such cases, the DE system should support most or all services within an isolated service island, including ice production, so that the influence of the power outage is contained in magnitude and scope. The paper describes the rather straightforward system modifications necessary for ice production. However, the primary focus of the paper is on dynamic modeling of the ice making capacity to achieve significant load-leveling via thermal energy storage during the summer utility peak, hence reducing the electrical capacity requirements for the grid.
Dynamic Modeling of a Novel Cooling, Heat, Power, and Water Microturbine Combined Cycle
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Ryu, C., Tiffany, D. R., Crittenden, J. F., Lear, W. E., and Sherif, S. A. (June 11, 2010). "Dynamic Modeling of a Novel Cooling, Heat, Power, and Water Microturbine Combined Cycle." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. June 2010; 132(2): 021006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001567
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