Experiments were conducted to study the flow and heat transfer characteristics of a natural circulation liquid cooling system for electronic components. The test loop consisted of a horizontal test section, a horizontal evaporator, a vertical tube, a horizontal condenser, a rubber bag attached at the exit of the condenser, a downcomer, a mass flow meter, and a liquid subcooler. The loop height H was set at either 250 or 450 mm. FC-72 was filled in the test loop up to some level of loop height and the upper part was filled with air. During the operation of the cooling system, the rubber bag expanded and stored the mixture of generated vapor and air. Thus the inner pressure was maintained at atmospheric pressure. In the test section, a silicon chip with dimensions of 10×10×0.5 mm3 was attached at the bottom surface of a horizontal duct with dimensions of 10×14 mm2. A smooth chip and four chips with square micro-pin-fins with 150 to 300 μm in fin height were tested. The duct height s was set at 10 mm for most of the experiments. The cases of and 25 mm were also tested for one of the micro-pin-finned chips. For each H, the average flow rate of FC-72 was correlated well as a function of the static pressure difference between the two vertical tubes. All chips showed the boiling curve similar to that for pool boiling except that the critical heat flux was lower for the natural circulation loop. For all chips tested, the maximum allowable heat flux increased monotonically with increasing liquid subcooling Comparison of the results for 10 and 25 mm revealed that the highest was obtained with The values of for and 25 mm were 36–46% and 87–90% of that for respectively. The maximum value of was obtained by one of the micro-pin-finned chips at and
Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Natural Circulation Evaporative Cooling System for Electronic Components
Contributed by the Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC PACKAGING. Manuscript received Nov. 2003; final revision, Jan. 2004. Associate Editor: Guo-Quan Lu.
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Honda, H., Zhang, Z., and Takata, N. (October 6, 2004). "Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Natural Circulation Evaporative Cooling System for Electronic Components ." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. September 2004; 126(3): 317–324. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1772412
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