Abstract

As a part of a comprehensive study to evaluate the effects of elevated curing temperatures on hardened concrete properties, four non-air-entrained high-strength concrete (HSC) mixtures were prepared at temperatures ranging from 10 to 35°C. After mixing, 5.5 liters of concrete were placed inside a large polystyrene block to simulate temperature development in HSC structural members. The concrete temperature inside the block was continuously monitored with thermocouples, and collected temperature information was used to simultaneously temperature-match-cure (TMC) a series of compressive strength, scaling, and freeze-thaw specimens. The maximum recorded temperatures ranged from 59 to 69°C, depending on the fresh concrete temperature. Control specimens from each of the four mixtures were cured at room temperature. Based on the amount of residue collected during scaling tests in the presence of 3% NaCl solution, the TMC specimens were 7–63 times less resistant than the control specimens. However, during the freezing and thawing tests, seven of the eight TMC specimens outperformed their respective control specimens.

References

1.
Bilodeau
,
A.
and
Malhotra
,
V. M.
,
1997
, “
Deicing Salt Scaling Resistance of Concrete Incorporating Supplementary Cementing Materials: CANMET Research
,”
Freeze-Thaw Durability of Concrete
,
J.
Marchand
,
M.
Pigeon
, and
M.
Setzer
, Eds.,
E & FN Spon
,
London
, pp.
121
156
.
2.
Blakey
,
H.
,
1976
, “
Temperature Matching Curing Bath-An Aid to Earlier Formwork Striking
,”
Concrete
 0010-5317, London, Vol.
10
, No.
4
, April, pp.
25
26
.
3.
Hadley
,
D. W.
,
The Nature of the Paste-Aggregate Interface
, Ph.D. Thesis,
Purdue University
, West Lafayette, IN,
1972
.
4.
Jacobsen
,
S.
and
Sellevold
,
E. J.
,
1997
, “
Frost/Salt Scaling and Ice Formation of Concrete: Effect of Curing Temperature and Silica Fume on Normal and High Strength Concrete
,”
Freeze-Thaw Durability of Concrete
,
J.
Marchand
,
M.
Pigeon
, and
M.
Setzer
, Eds.,
E & FN Spon
,
London
, pp.
93
105
.
5.
Johnston
,
C. D.
,
1992
, “
Durability of High Early Strength Silica Fume Concretes Subjected to Accelerated and Normal Curing
,”
Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Proceedings: Fourth International Conference
,
Istanbul, Turkey
, SP-132, Vol.
II
,
V. M.
Malhotra
, Ed.,
American Concrete Institute
,
Detroit, MI
, May, pp.
1167
1187
.
6.
Jonsson
,
J. A.
,
2002
,
Durability and Temperature Related Characteristics of High Performance Concrete
, Ph.D. Thesis,
Purdue University
, West Lafayette, IN.
7.
Kaszyńska
,
M.
,
1997
, “
Hydration Heat and Strength Development in High Performance Concrete
,”
PCI/FHWA/FIB International Symposium on High Performance Concrete, Proceedings of Symposium in New Orleans, Louisiana
,
L. S.
Johal
, Ed.,
Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute
,
Chicago
, pp.
108
117
.
8.
Khurana
,
R.
and
Torresan
,
I.
,
1997
, “
New Admixtures for Eliminating Steam Curing and its Negative Effects on Durability
,”
Superplasticizers and Other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete
, ACI SP-173,
V. M.
Malhotra
, Ed.,
American Concrete Institute
,
Farmington Hills, MI
, pp.
83
103
.
9.
Kjellsen
,
K. O.
,
Detwiler
,
R. J.
, and
Gjorv
,
O. E.
,
1990
, “
Pore Structure of Plain Cement Pastes Hydrated at Different Temperatures
,”
Cement and Concrete Research
 0008-8846, Vol.
20
, No.
6
, pp.
927
933
.
10.
Klieger
,
P.
,
1958
, “
Effect of Mixing and Curing Temperature on Concrete Strength
,”
Journal of the American Concrete Institute
 0002-8061, Vol.
29
, No.
12
,
Klieger
,
P.
,
Proceedings
, Vol.
54
, June, pp.
1063
1081
.
11.
Myers
,
J. J.
and
Carrasquillo
,
R. L.
,
1997
, “
Quality Control & Quality Assurance Program for Precast Plant Produced High Performance Concrete U-Beams
,”
PCI/FHWA/FIB International Symposium on High Performance Concrete, Proceedings of Symposium in New Orleans, LA
,
L. S.
Johal
, Ed.,
Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute
,
Chicago
, pp.
368
382
.
12.
Russell
,
H. G.
,
Bruce
,
R. N.
, and
Roller
,
J. J.
,
1999
, “
Prototype Bridge in High Performance Concrete-A Case Study
,”
Utilization of High Strength/High Performance Concrete, Proceedings of Symposium in Sandefjord, Norway
, Vol.
2
,
I.
Holand
and
E. J.
Sellevold
, Eds.,
Norwegian Concrete Association
,
Oslo
, pp.
891
900
.
13.
Sellevold
,
E. J.
,
1996
, “
High-Performance Concrete: Early Age Cracking, Pore Structure, and Durability
,”
International Workshop on High-Performance Concrete, ACI SP-159
,
P.
Zia
, Ed.,
American Concrete Institute
,
Farmington Hills, MI
, pp.
193
208
.
14.
Sprinkel
,
M. M.
and
McGhee
,
K. K.
,
1989
,
Evaluation of Concrete Pavement Patching Techniques
, FHWA/VA-89-22,
Virginia Transportation Research Council
,
Charlottesville, VA
.
15.
Stark
,
J.
and
Ludwig
,
H.-M.
,
1997
, “
Influence of Water Quality on the Frost Resistance of Concrete
,”
Freeze-Thaw Durability of Concrete
,
J.
Marchand
,
M.
Pigeon
, and
M.
Setzer
, Eds.,
E & FN Spon
,
London
, pp.
157
164
.
16.
Whiting
,
D.
,
Nagi
,
M.
,
Okamoto
,
P. A.
,
Yu
,
T.
,
Peshkin
,
D.
,
Smith
,
K.
,
Darter
,
M.
,
Clifton
,
J.
, and
Kaetzel
,
L.
,
1994
,
Optimization of Highway Concrete Technology
, SHRP-C-373,
Strategic Highway Research Program
,
Washington, D.C.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.