9R25. Heat Transfer in Single and Multiphase Systems. - GF Naterer (Univ of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada). CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton FL. 2003. 618 pp. ISBN 0-8493-1032-6. $129.95.
Reviewed by Lea-Der Chen (Dept of Mech and Ind Eng, Univ of Iowa, 2416B Seamans Center, Iowa City IA 52242).
It is stated in Preface that a “primary motivation for writing this book comes from discovering the need for a single source of material to cover each mode of multiphase heat transfer, as well as the fundamentals of heat transfer.” The author has successfully brought together a broad range of fundamentals of thermodynamics and transport modeling of single-phase and multiphase heat transfer. Application of the second law of thermodynamics to heat transfer analysis is an important aspect of this book. This book has eleven chapters, ten property tables, and one subject index. Each chapter comes with a good mix of “homework” problems of fundamental and applied questions.
The eleven chapters are introduction, conduction heat transfer, convective heat transfer, radiative heat transfer, phase change heat transfer, gas (vapor)-liquid systems, gas-solid (particles) systems; liquid-solid systems, gas-liquid-solid systems, heat exchangers, and computational heat transfer. Chapter 1 reviews the vector and tensor notations, properties and the first law of thermodynamics, three modes of (single-phase) heat transfer, and phase change heat transfer. Chapters 2–4 cover the three modes of heat transfer. One-dimensional, stated-state heat conduction is emphasized in Chapter 2. Discussion of the transient and multi-dimensional heat conduction is also included. Formulation of two-dimensional convective heat transfer is detailed in Chapter 3. Examples of external and internal flows, forced and free convection are also given, along with a brief account of classical turbulence modeling. Entropy balance equations are introduced. Chapter 4 pre-sents fundamentals of thermal radiation. Radiative heat exchange equations are given for calculation of radiative heat transfer between multiple diffuse and gray surfaces; only non-participating medium is considered. Extensive discussion of solar energy is also given in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 covers the thermodynamics of phase change and transport modeling of solidification and melting, and evaporation and sublimation. The transport modeling is presented within the context of the “mixture” (or volume averaging) and two-fluid formulations. The interfacial equations describing the mass, momentum and energy balances, and the interfacial entropy constraint are also introduced. Chapters 6–9 include extensive discussions on the calculation of heat transfer in gas-liquid, gas/liquid-solid, and gas-liquid-solid systems. Boiling, condensation, and thermosyphon are covered in Chapter 6; particle-laden flow and fluidization in Chapter 7; solidification and melting in Chapter 8; and non-reacting and reacting multi-phase flows in Chapter 9. A simplified approach that accounts for participating (gray) gases and solids is used for calculation of the combined convective and radiative heat transfer in Chapter 7. The applications of liquid-solid analysis to material processing, manufacturing processes, energy storage, and pipeline freezing are given in Chapter 8, and examples of freezing of water drops laden flows (non-reacting), and combustion and metallurgy applications (reacting) in Chapter 9. Heat exchanger calculations using the overall heat transfer coefficient and NTU methods are covered in Chapter 10. An overview of the finite difference and finite element methods for computational heat transfer is given in Chapter 11. Discussions are also given on the finite volume formulation, structure vs unstructured grid, numerical “formulations” of example applications, and numerical accuracy and efficiency.
This reviewer feels that Heat Transfer in Single and Multiphase Systems makes a good candidate as a textbook or as a reference for a three-semester hour, intermediate level heat transfer course, of which the course objectives are to cover the three modes of heat transfer and the multiphase heat transfer. This reviewer also recommends this book for libraries of institutions of higher learning, and for personal libraries of heat transfer professionals.