Reliable experimental data on local heat-transfer coefficients for supersonic flow of air in a round tube are reanalyzed in detail with the aid of an approximate two-dimensional flow model. The results are compared with similar results based on a one-dimensional flow model and with the theoretical predictions for supersonic flow over a flat plate and for flow in the entrance region of a tube when a laminar boundary layer is present. The two-dimensional flow model yields a better understanding of the phenomena which occur for diabatic supersonic flow of air in a round tube than that obtained with the aid of the one-dimensional flow model. The two-dimensional flow model shows that the core Mach number is nearly constant along the length of test section for a range of values of the inlet diameter Reynolds number. For a laminar boundary layer the values of the local Stanton number agree within a few per cent with the theoretical values for plate flow at the largest values of the inlet diameter Reynolds number.