Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) shape memory alloys (SMAs) are a class of promising materials for bio-implant, transportation, and aerospace applications. These interesting applications of SMA are as a result of their ability to exhibit shape memory effect (SME) and super-elasticity (SE). SMAs, especially NiTi which has been proven to have good mechanical properties, are however limited by their operational fatigue as reported in the literature. In this paper, a near equiatomic NiTi SMA was hybridized with zirconium (Zr), molybdenum (Mo) and copper (Cu), which are available and economic viable α-, β-, γ- stabilizing additives suitable for NiTi SMAs. Each of Zr, Mo, Cu were hybridized separately with the bare near equiatomic NiTi SMA. The compositional requirements for each of the sub-hybrids (NiTi-α, NiTi-β, and NiTi-γ respectively) were experimentally determined to know the optimum composition which could indicate the presence of austenitic and martensitic phases. Scan electron microscopy (SEM) was performed on each of the hybridizing additives as well as the bare equiatomic NiTi to determine their particle sizes and investigate their compatibility (between 30 and 40 microns) with the 3D printer used in the study. X-ray diffractometric (XRD) analysis also was carried out on the bare SMA and its additives to determine the presence of B2 and B19’ peaks. Afterward, NiTi-α, NiTi-β, and NiTi-γ were 3D printed to produce fretting wear test specimens and finally, the fretting wear behaviors of the NiTi hybrids were studied in detail with the objective of testing their performances under fretting wear mode as it may be required for an application. A tungsten carbide counter-body was used. The results from the characterization through XRD indicated that all of α-, β-, γ- stabilizing additives with NiTi respectively showed the presence of B2 and B19’ in the inter-metallic phases. Details of wear microstructure were reported and its information could be useful for professionals who require hybridized NiTi alloys for various engineering applications.

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