Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disease that occurs predominantly in people over 60 years of age. The rupture of an AAA is a catastrophic event associated with up to a 90% mortality rate. Hence, it is important for vascular surgeons to justify the risk of repair vis-à-vis the risk of aneurysm rupture. In clinical practice, rupture risk assessment is based on measuring the maximum aneurysm diameter where 5.5 cm is accepted as the critical size for recommending (surgical or endovascular) intervention. However, this criterion is based on an extensive history of evidence-based medicine rather than an individualized assessment of the aneurysm’s potential to rupture. Primary among the biomechanical factors associated with the rupture assessment of an AAA is mechanical wall stress, which is dependent on the accuracy of the geometry reconstruction, intraluminal pressure loading and the constitutive material model used for the aortic wall. We hypothesize that in unruptured, asymptomatic AAA, the wall mechanics is the outcome of primarily the patient specific aneurysm shape and to a lesser extent, the constitutive material property model used to characterize the vascular wall. Evaluating the relative contributions of wall material properties and AAA geometry to wall mechanics estimation will increase our understanding of the factors that influence peak wall stress as an indicator for rupture risk assessment. In the present work, we evaluate the aforementioned hypothesis using a size-matched approach.
- Bioengineering Division
Aortic Wall Mechanics: A Geometry-Driven Problem
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Raut, SS, Liu, P, Jana, A, & Finol, EA. "Aortic Wall Mechanics: A Geometry-Driven Problem." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2011 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Farmington, Pennsylvania, USA. June 22–25, 2011. pp. 807-808. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2011-53917
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