Glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness worldwide, and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is the primary risk factor for developing this disease. It has been postulated that IOP-induced mechanical strain on optic nerve head (ONH) glial cells leads to retinal ganglion cell damage and the consequent loss of vision in glaucoma. To better evaluate this theory it is important to understand the biomechanical environment within the ONH. Unfortunately it is very difficult to make measurements in the ONH, and it is particularly difficult to access the region in the ONH where the ganglion cells are thought to be injured, namely the lamina cribrosa. We have therefore developed models of the ONH and used the finite element method (FEM) to predict ONH mechanical response to changes in IOP .
Interactions Between Factors Influencing Optic Nerve Head Biomechanics
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Sigal, IA, Flanagan, JG, & Ethier, CR. "Interactions Between Factors Influencing Optic Nerve Head Biomechanics." Proceedings of the ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Keystone, Colorado, USA. June 20–24, 2007. pp. 891-892. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2007-176096
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