The thermal effects at elevated temperatures mostly exist for pressure vessel and pipe (PVP) applications. The technologies for diagnosis and prognosis of PVP systems need to take the thermal effect into account and compensate it on sensing and monitoring of PVP structures. One of the extensively employed sensor technologies has been permanently installed piezoelectric wafer active sensor (PWAS) for in-situ continuous structural health monitoring (SHM). Using the transduction of ultrasonic elastic waves into voltage and vice versa, PWAS has been emerged as one of the major SHM sensing technologies. However, the dynamic characteristics of PWAS need to be explored prior its installation for in-situ SHM. Electro-mechanical impedance spectroscopy (EMIS) method has been utilized as a dynamic descriptor of PWAS and as a high frequency local modal sensing technique by applying standing waves to indicate the response of the PWAS resonator by determining the resonance and anti-resonance frequencies. Another SHM technology utilizing PWAS is guided wave propagation (GWP) as a far-field transient sensing technique by transducing the traveling guided ultrasonic waves (GUW) into substrate structure. The paper first presents EMIS method that qualifies and quantifies circular PWAS resonators under traction-free boundary condition and in an ambience with increasing temperature. The piezoelectric material degradation was investigated by introducing the temperature effects on the material parameters that are obtained from experimental observations as well as from related work in literature. GWP technique is also presented by inclusion of the thermal effects on the substrate material. The MATLAB GUI under the name of Wave Form Revealer (WFR) was adapted for prediction of the thermal effects on coupled guided waves and dynamic structural change in the substrate material at elevated temperature. The WFR software allows for the analysis of multimodal guided waves in the structure with affected material parameters in an ambience with elevated temperature.
Experimentation and Adaptive Modeling for Temperature Effect Quantification in PVP Structural Health Monitoring With PWAS
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Kamas, T, Poddar, B, Lin, B, Yu, L, & Giurgiutiu, V. "Experimentation and Adaptive Modeling for Temperature Effect Quantification in PVP Structural Health Monitoring With PWAS." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference. Volume 6A: Materials and Fabrication. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. July 19–23, 2015. V06AT06A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2015-45595
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