CeO2-MOx (M = Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu) reactive ceramics, having high melting points and high conductivities of O2−, were synthesized with the combustion method from their nitrates for solar hydrogen production. The prepared CeO2-MOx samples were solid solutions between CeO2 and MOx with the fluorite structure through XRD. Two-step water splitting reactions with CeO2-MOx reactive ceramics proceeded at 1573–1773K for the O2 releasing step and at 1273K for the H2 generation step by irradiation of infrared imaging furnace as a solar simulator. The amounts of O2 evolved in the O2 releasing reaction with CeO2-MOx and CeO2 systems increased with the increase of the reaction temperature. The amounts of H2 evolved in the H2 generation reaction with CeO2-MOx systems except for M = Cu were more than that of CeO2 system after the O2 releasing reaction at the temperatures of 1673 and 1773K. The largest amount of H2 was generated with CeO2-NiO after the O2 releasing reaction at 1573, 1673 and 1773K. The O2 releasing reaction at 1673K and H2 generation reaction at 1273K with CeO2-Fe2O3 were repeated four times with the evolving of O2 (1.3cm3/g-sample) and H2 (2.3cm3/g-sample) gases, respectively. The possibility of solar hydrogen production with CeO2-MOx (M = Mn, Fe, Ni) reactive ceramics system by using concentrated solar thermal energy was suggested.

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