Granular damping, which possesses promising features for vibration suppression in harsh environment, has been studied using empirical analysis and more recently using the discrete element method (DEM). The mechanism of granular damping is highly nonlinear, and, when numerical analyses are performed, usually a relatively long simulation time of structural vibration is needed to reflect the damping behavior especially at low frequency range. The present research explores the granular damping analysis by means of the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) approach. Unlike the DEM that tracks the motion of granules using the direct numerical integration of Newton's equations, the DSMC is a statistical approach derived from the Boltzmann equation to describe the velocity evolution of the granular system. Since the exact time and locations of contacts among granules are not calculated in the DSMC, a significant reduction in computational time/cost can be achieved. While the DSMC has been exercised in a variety of granular systems, its implementation to granular damping analysis poses unique challenges. In this research, we develop a new method that enables the coupled analysis of the stochastic granular motion and the structural vibration. The complicated energy transfer and dissipation due to the collisions between the granules and the host structure and among the granules is directly and accurately incorporated into the analysis, which is essential to damping evaluation. Also, the effects of granular packing ratio and the excluded volume of granules, which may not be included in conventional DSMC method, are explicitly taken into account in the proposed approach. A series of numerical analyses are performed to highlight the accuracy and efficiency of the new approach. Using this new algorithm, we can carry out parametric analysis on granular damping to obtain guidelines for system optimization.
Granular Damping Analysis Using a Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Approach
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Fang, X, & Tang, J. "Granular Damping Analysis Using a Direct Simulation Monte Carlo Approach." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Applied Mechanics. Chicago, Illinois, USA. November 5–10, 2006. pp. 351-365. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2006-14448
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