The aim of the paper is to analyze the dynamic behavior of an actual electro-hydraulic injector, included into a high-pressure accumulator injection system (Common Rail).
Firstly, a brief introduction of the hypotheses adopted for a lumped parameter description of each part of an industrial version of the injector (BOSCH) is outlined, together with the definition of the hypotheses assumed to treat the fuel efflux through the injection holes, through the internal mechanical couplings and the damping orifices, or to descript of the cavitations.
Then, the dynamic behavior of the injector is analyzed adopting some of the command signals imposed to the pilot stage by the Electronic Central Unit (ECU), as actually implemented into the standard map of an on board ECU of a industrial diesel engine. Among others, the paper presents the results coming from the injector handling for medium values of the crank-shaft regime (1800 and 2400 rpm), for different pressure levels in the Rail and involving also the pilot injection.
The reliability of the numerical results is stated through a wide numerical vs. experimental comparison, made up on the basis of the fuel mass injected for each cycle.
Finally, the discharge characteristics characterizing the injection are determined, such as the effective mean velocity and the effective area of the liquid core at the holes exit, or injection holes discharge coefficient.