Measurements of the local heat transfer distribution on smooth and roughened surfaces under an array of angled impinging jets are presented. The test rig is designed to simulate impingement with cross-flow in one direction which is a common method for cooling gas turbine components such as the combustion liner. Jet angle is varied between 30, 60, and 90 degrees as measured from the impingement surface, which is either smooth or randomly roughened. Liquid crystal video thermography is used to capture surface temperature data at five different jet Reynolds numbers ranging between 15,000 and 35,000. The effect of jet angle, Reynolds number, gap, and surface roughness on heat transfer efficiency and pressure loss is determined along with the various interactions among these parameters.
Peak heat transfer coefficients for the range of Reynolds number from 15,000 to 35,000 are highest for orthogonal jets impinging on roughened surface; peak Nu values for this configuration ranged from 88 to 165 depending on Reynolds number. The ratio of peak to average Nu is lowest for 30-degree jets impinging on roughened surfaces. It is often desirable to minimize this ratio in order to decrease thermal gradients, which could lead to thermal fatigue. High thermal stress can significantly reduce the useful life of engineering components and machinery. Peak heat transfer coefficients decay in the cross-flow direction by close to 24% over a dimensionless length of 20. The decrease of spanwise average Nu in the crossflow direction is lowest for the case of 30-degree jets impinging on a roughened surface where the decrease was less than 3%. The decrease is greatest for 30-degree jet impingement on a smooth surface where the stagnation point Nu decreased by more than 23% for some Reynolds numbers.