This work presents the main features, advantages and evaluation of applications of the novel “Ecotube” combustion improvement and emission reduction system by Ecomb AB of Sweden and Synterprise, LLC of Chattanooga, Tennessee. In the Ecotube system, the nozzles used for mixing are put on the suitable position inside the combustion chamber to control uniformity of temperature, mixing and reactants distribution in boilers and incinerators since the formation and reduction of pollutants (NO, CO and VOC) and in-furnace reduction processes (Air/Fuel staging, SNCR, flue gas recirculation and SOx reduction by dry sorbent injection) are related directly to mixing in a combustion chamber. The novel Ecotube combustion improvement system allows better control of mixing of the gases for example from a primary combustion zone with secondary combustion air or a recirculated flue gas. By means of the novel system it is possible to better control the residence time and to some degree gas phase temperature distribution as well as the heat release distribution in the furnace of the waste incinerators or boilers. This new combustion improvement system can be applied to supply different gas or liquid media — for example air, fuel, urea or even solid powder. Using the system a more efficient and environmentally clean combustion or incineration process can be performed. The Ecotube System may be used to meet increasingly stringent environmental emissions regulations, such as NOx SIP Call, while it delivers added benefits of reduced and stabilized CO and reduced fly ash and improved boiler efficiency. The study tool used in this work to present influence of the Ecotube system design on temperature as well as uniformity of reactants and flow field is numerical modeling. Using this tool, the influence of the position of the Ecotube system and the injection angle of the nozzles are studied. The studied boilers included the biomass waste incinerator, municipal solid waste incinerator and coal fired boiler. The concept of the Heat Release Distribution Ratio is proposed to classify the heat release inside the upper furnace of the boilers or incinerators. The results show that Ecotube spreads reaction zone over a larger furnace volume. The furnace flame occupation coefficient can be as high as 45% with the Ecotube system and it is around 40% higher comparing with the conventional multinozzle mixing system. Ecotube system allows keeping far more uniform heat release distribution, more uniform temperature distribution, and thus longer life of the heat transfer surfaces inside the furnace. Position of the Ecotube system and the injection angle of the nozzles are of primary importance and can be used as a technical parameter to control the boiler operation at different loads and varying operating conditions.
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Combustion Improvement System in Boilers and Incinerators
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Blasiak, W, & Yang, W. "Combustion Improvement System in Boilers and Incinerators." Proceedings of the International Joint Power Generation Conference collocated with TurboExpo 2003. 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. June 16–19, 2003. pp. 779-785. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IJPGC2003-40141
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