The ascent trajectory tracking problem of a launch vehicle is investigated in this paper. To improve the conventional trajectory linearization method which usually omits the linearization errors, the extended state observer (ESO) is employed in this paper to timely estimate the total disturbance which consists of the external disturbances and the modeling uncertainties resulting from linearization error. It is proven that the proposed trajectory tracking controller can guarantee the desired performance despite both external disturbances and the modeling uncertainties. Moreover, compared with the conventional linearization control method, the proposed controller is shown to have much better performance of uncertainty rejection. Finally, the feasibility and performance of this controller are illuminated via simulation studies.

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