The ability to simultaneously map variations in topography and composition (local stiffness, adhesion, charge, hydrophillicity/phobicity, viscoelasticity) of samples in ambient and liquid environments has made dynamic atomic force microscopy (dAFM) a powerful tool for nanoscale metrology. In ambient and vacuum environments, quality factors (Q-factors) of the fundamental resonance are typically large, and the contrast channels in dAFM are relatively well understood. In liquid environments, however, Q-factors are typically low due to cantilever interactions with the surrounding viscous liquid, which introduces a new class of nonlinear dynamics that is accompanied by new contrast channels, such as, higher harmonic amplitudes and phases. In particular, we find that the interpretation of the traditional contrast channels is quite different in low-Q environments compared to high-Q environments. We present a theoretical investigation of the contrast channels in dAFM in the context of frequency modulation and tapping mode dAFM with an emphasis on low-Q environments.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
Compositional Mapping in Dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy in High-Q vs. Low-Q Environments: Effects of Cantilever Nonlinear Dynamics
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Melcher, J, & Raman, A. "Compositional Mapping in Dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy in High-Q vs. Low-Q Environments: Effects of Cantilever Nonlinear Dynamics." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 4: 12th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle and Tire Technologies; 4th International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems. Montreal, Quebec, Canada. August 15–18, 2010. pp. 525-531. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2010-29165
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