Structural analysis and synthesis of linkages is a very important aspect. Detection of isomorphism (equivalent structural topology) is essential to determine structurally distinct chains. Some methods to detect distinct chains and mechanisms have already been developed. These methods besides being falliable, require enormous computational effort and as such necessitate development of an easy and efficient method. This paper presents a new method based on graph theory, for detection of isomorphism among kinematic chains. A probability scheme is attached with the chains and relative loop positions are determined for the chains having identical probability schemes. Isomorphism is detected between planar kinematic chains having single degree of freedom.