China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR) is a superconducting tokamak proposed by national integration design group for magnetic confinement fusion reactor of China to bridge the R&D gaps between ITER and DEMO. Since the launch of CFETR conceptual design, a modular helium cooled lithium ceramic blanket concept had been under development by the blanket integration design team of the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to complete CFETR in demonstrating its fusion energy production ability, tritium self-sufficiency and the remote maintenance strategy. To validate the feasibility, the neutronic analyses for CFETR with this modular helium cooled lithium ceramic blanket were performed. The 1-D neutronic study for CFETR was done in the first place to give a preliminary and quick demonstration of the overall neutronic performance. Meanwhile, the neutronic analyses for a single standard helium cooled lithium ceramic blanket module were done in several times to give more insight for the material and geometry parameters of intra-module structures. Therefore, the principles for neutronic design and the module level optimized parameters were produced, based on which the design of practical blanket modules planted in tokamak vacuum vessel was completed. In the end, the 3-D neutronic analysis for CFETR was done utilizing the MCNP code, in which the 11.25 degree sector model (consist of blanket modules, manifold, support plate, shield, divertor, vacuum vessel, thermal shield and TF coils) was generated with the McCad automated conversion tool from the reference CAD model for analysis, the bi-dimensional (radial and poloidal) neutron source map was plugged via general source definition card to stimulate the D-T fusion neutrons. The concerned neutronics parameters of CFETR, mainly including the tritium breeding ratio to characterize tritium self-sufficiency, the energy multiplication factor to characterize power generation, as well as, the inboard mid-plane radial profiles of neutron flux densities, helium production rate, displacement damage rate and the energy deposition to characterize the shielding performance, were produced.
In principle, the neutronics performance of CFETR with modular helium cooled lithium ceramic blanket is promising. The tritium breeding capability meets the design target and, by referring to that for ITER and the EU DEMO fusion power plant, the inboard mid-plane shielding is effective to fulfill the radiation design requirement of the superconducting TF-coils, resulting in a compulsory warm-up time interval of ∼2 FPY for TF-coils. The nuclear heating loads to other CFETR components were generated. As an outcome of this work, the applicability of McCad on CFETR neutronic modeling is demonstrated.