This paper reports experimental and computational studies of flow and heat transfer through a square duct with a sharp 180 degree turn. The main purpose of this research is to study flow and heat transfer predictions of the Analytical Wall-Function (AWF). To compare the predicting performance of the AWF, the standard Log-Law Wall-Function (LWF) and Low-Reynolds-number (LRN) k-ε model were applied. Their results were also compared with the experimental results for validation. In addition, three extended forms of the AWF were tested. Computational results showed better agreement with the experimental data, especially after the turn of the channel. It was also found that the wall-function (WF) models predicted more reasonable results as Reynolds number increased. The both wall-function models predicted similar results except for separation/reattachment regions where the LWF predicted lower Nusselt number than the other models.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.