Micro-scale coolers have a wide range of potential application areas, such as cooling for chip- and board-level electronics, sensors and radio frequency systems. Miniature devices operating on the Stirling cycle are an attractive potential choice due to the high efficiencies realized for macroscale Stirling machines. A new micro-scale Stirling cooler system composed of arrays of silicon MEMS cooling elements has been designed. In this paper, we use computational tools to analyze the porosity-dependence of the pressure and heat transfer performance in the regenerator. For laminar flow in the micro-scale regenerator, the optimal porosity is in a range of 0.85∼0.9 based on maximizing the system coefficient of performance (COP). The system’s thermal performance was then predicted considering compressible flow and heat transfer with a large deformed mesh in COMSOL. The Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) technique was used to handle the deformed geometry and the moving boundary. To overcome the computational complexity brought about by the fine pillar structure in the regenerator, a porous medium model was used to replace the pillars in the model, allowing for numerical predictions of full-element geometry. Parametric studies of the design demonstrate the effect of the operating frequency on the cooling capacity and the COP of the system.
- Heat Transfer Division
Numerical Modeling of a Micro-Scale Stirling Cooler
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Guo, D, McGaughey, AJH, Gao, J, Fedder, GK, Lee, M, & Yao, S. "Numerical Modeling of a Micro-Scale Stirling Cooler." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Theory and Fundamental Research; Aerospace Heat Transfer; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Environmental Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 331-337. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2012-58361
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