The flow and heat transfer characteristics in the cooling of a heated surface by impinging confined jets have been investigated numerically through the steady state solution of laminar two-dimensional Navier-Stokes and energy equations. The principal objective of this study is to investigate the effect of buoyancy on the associated heat transfer process. Numerical computations are done for vertically downward directed two-dimensional confined slot jets impinging on a hot isothermal surface at the bottom. The computed flow patterns and isotherms for various domain aspect ratios and for a range of jet exit Reynolds numbers (100–500) and Richardson numbers (0–10) are analyzed to understand the heat transfer phenomena. The local and average Nusselt numbers at the hot surface for various conditions are compared. It is observed that for a given domain aspect ratio and Richardson number, the average Nusselt number at the hot surface increases with increasing jet exit Reynolds number. On the other hand, for a given aspect ratio and Reynolds number the average Nusselt number does not change significantly with Richardson number indicating that the buoyancy effects are not very significant on the overall heat transfer process for the range of jet Reynolds number considered in this study.

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