The effect of number of nozzle vanes in the turbine stage of a turbocharger is studied using computational fluid dynamics. The nozzle vane unit having 8, 9 and 10 numbers of nozzle vanes configuration is proposed for the radial flow turbine with 30 mm wheel tip diameter. At maximum opening position of the nozzle vanes and for the typical turbine expansion ratio of 2.5, the reduction in mass flow parameter with 10 numbers of nozzle vanes is about 1% lower compared to the 8 numbers of nozzle vanes. The maximum turbine flow range is not affected with higher number of nozzle vanes. The improvement in flow guidance is observed in nozzle vane unit having 10 numbers of nozzle vanes. The improvement in pressure distribution is observed in both the nozzle vane and turbine wheel with increase in number of nozzle vanes. The entropy generation in a turbine stage is found to decrease with increase in the number of nozzle vanes.