This paper describes a combined theoretical, computational and experimental study of the flow in an adiabatic pre-swirl rotor-stator system. Pre-swirl cooling air, supplied through nozzles in the stator, flows radially outward, in the rotating cavity between the rotating disc and a cover-plate attached to it, leaving the system through blade-cooling holes in the disc. An axisymmetric elliptic solver, incorporating the Launder-Sharma low-Reynolds-number k-ε turbulence model, is used to compute the flow. An LDA system is used to measure the tangential component of velocity, Vϕ, in the rotating cavity of a purpose-built rotating-disc rig. For rotational Reynolds numbers up to 1.2 × 106 and pre-swirl ratios up to 2.5, agreement between the computed and measured values of Vϕ is mainly very good, and the results confirm that free-vortex flow occurs throughout most of the rotating cavity. Computed values of the pre-swirl effectiveness (or the nondimensional temperature difference between the pre-swirl and blade-cooling air) agree closely with theoretical values obtained from a thermodynamic analysis of an adiabatic system.

This content is only available via PDF.