Combustion of a pyrolytically derived oil has been demonstrated in a J69-T-29 gas turbine combustor rig. The fuel was derived from agricultural and forest products/wastes through a pyrolysis conversion process which yields the oil and a residual char. The char was ground to a mean size of 25 microns and mixed with the oil and JP-4 in additional combustor rig tests. Analysis of the oil and char showed that both have hydrogen/carbon ratios less than 1.0 for the combustible components. The oil has a water content of 29%, a room temperature viscosity of 250 cS, and a pH of 2.9. The combustion system of the J69 consists of an annular combustor and a centrifugal fuel injector rotating at shaft speed. The centrifugal fuel injector can use slurry fuels without clogging and provides good atomization with viscous fuels. The combustor rig was operated at pressures and temperatures lower than those of the engine, and JP-4 was used as a baseline fuel. Test results indicate that use of pyrolytic oil will result in engine combustion efficiencies of over 99%. The pyrolytic oil may also be used as a supplement to JP-4. Additional development will be necessary to use the pyrolytic char as a gas turbine fuel.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Use of Pyrolysis-Derived Fuel in a Gas Turbine Engine
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Kasper, JM, Jasas, GB, & Trauth, RL. "Use of Pyrolysis-Derived Fuel in a Gas Turbine Engine." Proceedings of the ASME 1983 International Gas Turbine Conference and Exhibit. Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations. Phoenix, Arizona, USA. March 27–31, 1983. V003T06A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/83-GT-96
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