The most relevant quality key numbers for the largest and most efficient Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (GTCC) are not (only) the data published by the original engine manufacturers OEM’s. Additional numbers are here evaluated with educated guesses based on published data of the latest announcements of the “big four OEM’s” [8]. Such data are of interest for potential customers but also for nailing down the current state-of-the-art for all kind of further cycle studies using turbomachinery components and also as a contemporary history record.

Making educated guesses means thermodynamic 1D simulation based on additional assumptions for pressure losses and other cycle data, which have a limited influence on the (unpublished) target quality numbers, such as:

• Mixed turbine inlet temperature Tmix. This is a key value describing the technology level. It can be derived independently of the (unpublished) TCLA value. It is a quality number for the general cooling design and for the secondary air systems.

• Polytropic efficiency of the compressor blading. This number describes the aerodynamic quality of the compressor blading.

• Polytropic efficiency of the turbine blading. It describes the quality level of both the blading aerodynamics and of the open air cooling design.

• Distribution of the exergy losses within the GT and in the bottoming cycle. The exergy losses describe the remaining opportunities for further improvements in the thermodynamic cycle design. But they also indicate its limits.

However already the determination of the Tmix is tricky. It depends on the analysis method and on the fluid data applied. The polytropic efficiency of the turbine blading and the exergy losses will depend both on the used methods and on the Tmix found. Achieving a trustable result therefore requires a transparent and reproducible method. In case of application of the found results for performance prediction of similar cycles the same method has to be applied in order to avoid mistakes.

In this paper real gas data with consideration of dissociation in equilibrium are used, while the polytropic efficiencies are determined with an incremental method based directly on the classic definitions of Stodola [3] and Dzung [4]. Therefore the still most used method using semi-perfect gas properties and corresponding formulas is bypassed.

In order to keep it as simple as possible the evaluation is limited to base load at ISO ambient condition (15°C, 60% relative humidity, sea level). The fuel is limited to pure methane according to the practice in current catalogue data.

The main focus is on the gas turbine with its components. The steam bottoming cycle is captured with its effect on the overall exergy and energy balance of the GTCC, which identifies exhaust and condensation losses.

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