Numerical investigations of the NASA stage 37 compressor case are presented. Simcenter STAR-CCM+ is used for RANS based aerodynamic quantifications of the transonic compressor, with specific attention to the near stall and the peak efficiency operating points. In these axial turbomachines, the unsteady effects are non-trivial, and need to be accounted for in the design methods. Typically, transient simulation of fully realistic engine hardware is unrealistic in terms of the computational expense. However, using a harmonic balance approach in computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation has been shown to have a proficiency in capturing the dominant unsteady behaviors at a relatively lower computational cost. As such, the performance of the NASA stage 37 compressor is characterized with both steady and harmonic balance approaches. Furthermore, a thorough exploration and sensitivity study on the turbulence modeling is conducted. The lag elliptic blending k-ε turbulence model is considered, due to its capability for improved predictions in highly separated turbomachinery flows, as compared to the k-O SST and k-O BSL model results.

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