Additive manufacturing represents a new frontier in the design and production of rotor machines. This technology drives the engineering research framework to new possibilities of design and testing of new prototypes, reducing costs and time. On the other hand, the fast additive manufacturing implies the use of plastic and light materials (as PLA or ABS), often including a certain level of anisotropy due to the layered deposition. These two aspects are critical, because the aero-elastic coupling and flow induced vibrations are not negligible for high aspect ratio rotors. In this work, we investigate the aeroelastic response of a small sample fan blade, printed using PLA material. Scope of the work is to study both the structure and flow field dynamics, where strong coupling is considered on the simulation. We test the blade in two operating points, to see the aero-mechanical dynamics of the system in stall and normal operating condition. The computational fluid-structure interaction (FSI) technique is applied to simulate the coupled dynamics. The FSI solver is developed on the base of the finite element stabilized formulations proposed by Tezduyar et al. We use the ALE formulation of RBVMS-SUPS equations for the aerodynamics, the non-linear elasticity is solved with the Updated Lagrangian formulation of the equations of motion for the elastic solid. The strong coupling is made with a block-iterative algorithm, including the Jacobian based stiffness method for the mesh motion.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.