The interaction between the mainstream and disc cavity purge flows in a turbine stage is an unsteady 360° phenomenon. Most of the current rotating rigs have used steady pressure transducers to measure the mainstream annulus pressure distributions as well as the pressure distribution in the disc cavity. Unsteady static pressure measurements in these regions using fast-response transducers have also been reported but to a much lesser degree, mainly at ASU, OSU, VKI, and ETH. To gain better insight into the prevailing unsteady flow phenomena, and to assess the difference between steady and time-averaged unsteady pressure data, new unsteady static pressure measurements were recently carried out at three locations in an ASU-Honeywell turbine stage, namely, in the main gas path on the outer shroud near vane trailing edge as well as on the vane platform lip, and on the stator surface rim seal. They are reported in this paper along with the comparative results of the corresponding URANS CFD simulation reported in an earlier publication. Experiments were carried out at five different purge air flow conditions for each of the two mainstream air flow rate and rotor speed combinations. The current unsteady measurements indicate that the rim cavity pressure frequency is governed by the blade passage frequency. The unsteadiness amplitude increases with purge flow in the main gas path, but decreases with increase in purge flow for the rim cavity where the sensitivity to change in purge flow is smaller at the lower mainstream flow rate. The difference in the ambient-corrected time-averaged static pressures between those evaluated from the current unsteady measurements and the previously published steady measurements are found to be within the measurement uncertainties.
Unsteady Pressure Characteristics in the Mainstream/Disc Cavity of a Turbine-Stage
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Mirzamoghadam, AV, Balasubramanian, J, Michael, M, & Roy, RP. "Unsteady Pressure Characteristics in the Mainstream/Disc Cavity of a Turbine-Stage." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 5B: Heat Transfer. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. June 26–30, 2017. V05BT15A015. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2017-63844
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